Lesson 4: Further Comments on the Weather: Past, Present and Future

ki'-kimiwan
it rained
ki'-mispon
it snowed
wi'-mispon
it's going to snow
wi'-kisite'w
it's going to be hot
wi'-tahka'ya'w
it's going to be cold
wi'-min~o-ki'sika'w
it's going to be nice weather
ta-mispon
it will snow
tahka'ya'w anohc
it's cold today
anohc tahka'ya'w
it's cold today
kimiwan anohc
it's raining today
ki'-kimiwan anohc
it rained today
anohc wi'-mispon
it's going to snow today
ki'-kimiwan ota'hkosi'hk
it rained yesterday
wi'-n~otin wa'pahke'
it's going to be windy tomorrow
ta-kimiwan wa'pahke'
it will rain tomorrow
me'kwa'c mispon
it's snowing right now
mispon me'kwa'c
it's snowing right now
ke'ya'pic mispon
it's still snowing
ki'htwa'm ki'-mispon
it snowed again
ki'-mispon ki'htwa'm
it snowed again
ma'sko'c ta-mispon
maybe it will snow
anohc kisina'w
it's bitterly cold today
ota'hkosi'hk mina ki-kisina'w
it was also bitterly cold yesterday

New Words

Adverbs

anohc
today
ke'ya'pic
still (referring to time)
ki'htwa'm
again
ma'sko'c
maybe, perhaps
me'kwa'c
right now, at present
mi'na
also
ota'hkosi'hk
yesterday
wa'pahke'
tomorrow

Notes

ki'- is placed before indicative verbs to make statements referring to past time, that is, statements that describe situations or events that occurred before the time of speaking. We say ki'- forms the past tense of indicative verbs.

wi'- (going to), and ta'- (will) are placed before indicative verbs to make statements referring to the future, that is, statements that describe situations or events that are going to occur, or will occur, after the time of speaking. We say wi'- and ta'- form future tenses of indicative verbs.


Some speakers feel that ta- is too definite to be applied to anything as unpredictable as the weather, as one person said, "Only God could say ta-mispon."

Adverbs are used with verbs to provide certain additional information about a situation. Most Cree adverbs usually precede the verb, but some of them can also follow it.

Exercises

  1. How was the weather yesterday? Answer in Cree.
  2. Using the pictures in lesson three, answer the previous question as you would have if yesterday's weather had been as shown in each picture (for example, you could say, "it rained yesterday," for picture 5).
  3. Again using the pictures in lesson three, predict tomorrow's weather as you would if you expected it to be as shown in each picture (for example, you could say, "it's going to snow tomorrow," for picture 6).

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