[Glossary]
[Mac WWW FAQ]

Glossary

Advanced Research Projects Agency (ARPA)
Apple Event
Used by applications and AppleScript to communicate and exchange information with each other.
AppleScript
Apple Computer's Apple Event based scripting language for the Macintosh Operating System.
Application
An individual software program.
Arachnerd
Archie
Network service for searching ftp sites.
ARPA
see Advanced Research Projects Agency.
ARPANET
ARPA computer network.
bandwidth
The available space for transmitting information.
Browser
client
Program/computer that accesses the services of another program/computer.
compile
The process of converting a set of high(er)-level instructions (such as C or Pascal source code) into low(er)-level format (such as machine-code). Computer applications are generally 'compiled' from programming source code files.
dither
The process of patterning dots of color in an image to achieve the effect of more colors than the current bit-depth permits.
Document Type Description (DTD)
part of SGML. Used to define the elements of a document.
DTD
see Document Type Description.
Electronic Mail
E-Mail
see Electronic Mail.
File Transfer Protocol
Finger
Tool/service for finding information about a user.
ftp
see File Transfer Protocol
GIF
see Graphic Interchange Format.
Gopher
Graphic Interchange Format (GIF)
HTML
see HyperText Markup Language.
HTTP
see HyperText Transfer Protocol.
HyperCard
A HyperText/Media development system produced by Apple Computer, Inc.
hyperlink
hypermedia
hypertext
HyperText Markup Language (HTML)
HyperText Transfer Protocol (HTTP)
internet
Internet Protocol (IP)
IP
see Internet Protocol.
ISO-8859
Character set defined by International Standards Organization
JPEG
see Joint Photographers Engineering Group.
Joint Photographers Engineering Group (JPEG)
man page
Online reference documentation on UNIX systems.
MIME
see Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension
Motion Picture Engineering Group (MPEG)
MPEG
see Motion Picture Engineering Group.
Multipurpose Internet Mail Extension
Method for differentiating file formats
National Science Foundation
U.S. organization that manages the NSFnet to connect major research institutions and campuses in the U.S.
Network
A collection of computers that can communicate with each other.
Network News Transfer Protocol
NNTP
see Network News Transfer Protocol
NSF
see National Science Foundation
OpenTransport
The new networking 'layer' for the Macintosh OS.
Point to Point Protocol (PPP)
PPP
see Point to Point Protocol.
QuickTime
A video and audio file format created by Apple Computer, Inc.
Rich Text Format (RTF)
An interchange format for formatted text documents.
RTF
see Rich Text Format.
round-robin
Method used by DNS server to spread the load for one domain name across a number of machines.
Serial Line Internet Protocol (SLIP)
server
SGML
see Standard Generalized Markup Language.
SLIP
see Serial Line Internet Protocol.
Source Code
The 'code' in which a program or script is written in. This code is usually read by a compiler which turns it into an application.
Standard Generalized Markup Language (SGML)
Status
When used to refer to the 'status' of a program (including utilities) this is meant as how complete or bug free a program is. The statuses used in this documentation, in order from buggiest to cleanest, are: development, alpha, beta, release.
Sun audio (AU)
TCP
see Transmission Control Protocol.
Telnet
Provides remote login capability.
Transmission Control Protocol (TCP)
Uniform Resource Locator (URL)
Standardized method for representing documents and network access points.
URL
see Uniform Resource Locator.
USENET
Global newsgroup network.
Veronica
Network service for searching Gopher space.
Viewer
An application with which you can view a file or document. Usually used to mean an application used to view file formats that the www browser you are using does not have built in support for.
Virtual Reality Modeling Language
3-D modeling language standard designed for network application.
VRML
see Virtual Reality Modeling Language
VMDL
File format produced by Virtus tools for VRML browsers.
WAIS
see Wide Area Information Server.
Web-Crawler, Spider
wembaster
A title sometimes used to refer to the person technical responsible for administering a web server.
Wide Area Information Server (WAIS)
Service for searching network databases.
World Wide Web
WWW
see World Wide Web
X-bitmap
1-bit image file format support by X-Windows systems.
XBM
see X-bitmap
XCMD
External Command module for HyperCard.

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Copyright ©1994-1998 Grant Neufeld.
Mac WWW FAQ, Nisto and nisto.com are trademarks of Grant Neufeld.